Pediatrics - Stomach Flu
IntroductionThe stomach flu, also called viral gastroenteritis, is the leading cause of severe diarrhea. It can also cause vomiting and abdominal pain. The virus is found in contaminated food or drinking water. Symptoms of the stomach flu usually develop within 4 to 48 hours after exposure to the virus. The goal of treatment is to prevent dehydration while the virus runs its course.
The stomach produces acids to break down food for digestion. The stomach processes food into a liquid form. The processed liquid travels from the stomach to the small intestine. The liquid solidifies as it moves through the large intestine, forming a stool. The stool is eliminated from your child’s body when he or she has a bowel movement.
People with severe symptoms or dehydration may need to have fluids administered via an IV line.
Am I at Risk
Is My Child at Risk?
People with the highest risk for getting the stomach flu include infants, children, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems.
Call your doctor if your child’s stomach flu lasts longer than a few days. You should call your doctor if your child experiences symptoms including faintness, dizziness, dry mouth, and blood in the stool. Other symptoms of concern are producing small amounts of urine and having a sunken appearance of the eyes. An infant may present sunken fontanels, the “soft spots” on the head.
Copyright © - iHealthSpot Interactive - www.iHealthSpot.com
This information is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It should not be used in place of an individual consultation or examination or replace the advice of your health care professional and should not be relied upon to determine diagnosis or course of treatment.
The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on February 16, 2022. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.